School Accountability Toolset
for equity and learning


Academic accountability and pupils' background
The Swedish National Agency for Education has as one of its missions to assess the differences between the national tests and the school marks that pupils get when they leave school in the 9th grade (compulsory school). The purpose of the national tests is to support an equitable and fair assessment and grading.

A critical finding is that there are large differences between test national test results and school marks in the Swedish and English language, in Mathematics, in Biology, in Physics and in Chemistry. There are also large differences between schools on how they act in this respect.

The discrepancies between national test results and school marks in mathematics (9th school grade in 1371 Swedish schools, 2013)

The discrepancies are calculated through a subtraction of the percentage of pupils who get a higher mark than their scores on the national test with the percentage of pupils who get a lower mark than their scores on the national test. This is called a net effect.
Pupils who get a better school mark on a core subject than their respective score in the national test, will find that their level of knowledge is below what is required for advanced studies. They also might find that some of their fellow pupils with lower school marks are more successful in meeting the new demands.

Secondly, pupils from schools with “inflated” marks have more opportunities when applying to higher education institutions. This creates further problems because higher education institutions will be faced with the need to lower the necessary standards for teaching and learning in specific courses or programmes.

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© 2014 EPNoSL Project