School Accountability Toolset
for equity and learning
Academic accountability and pupils' background
The Swedish National Agency for Education has as one of its missions to assess the differences between the national tests and the school marks that pupils get when they leave school
in the 9th grade (compulsory school). The purpose of the national tests is to support an equitable and fair assessment and grading.
A critical finding is that there are large differences between test national test results and school marks in the Swedish and English language, in Mathematics,
in Biology, in Physics and in Chemistry. There are also large differences between schools on how they act in this respect.
In some schools some 80% of pupils get a higher school mark than their score on the national test in mathematics.
The reason for these discrepancies is that the marking procedures and the definition of proficiency necessary for a certain mark varies between teachers and schools.
We can use the term marking culture to describe the process that leads to the result shown on the chart.
In the schools to the right side of the chart, national test scores are close to pupils' school marks.
In the schools to the left side, the national test results have less weight on pupils' school marks.
The discrepancies between national test results and school marks in mathematics (9th school grade in 1371 Swedish schools, 2013)
The discrepancies are calculated through a subtraction of the percentage of pupils who get a higher mark than their scores on the national test with the percentage of
pupils who get a lower mark than their scores on the national test. This is called a net effect.