School Autonomy Toolset
for equity and learning


Further reading
  • Agasisti, T., Catalano, G., & Sibiano, P. (2013). Can schools be autonomous in a centralised educational system? On formal and actual school autonomy in the Italian context. International Journal of Educational Management, 27(3), 292-310.
  • Allen, R. (2010). Does school autonomy improve educational outcomes? Judging the performance of foundation secondary schools in England. DoQSS Working Paper No. 1002. Institute of Education, University of London. Available at:
  • Arcia, G., Macdonald, K., Patrinos, H. A., & Porta, E. (2011). School autonomy and accountability. System Assessment for Benchmarking Education for Results, Regulatory and Institutional Framework. World Bank, Human Development Network, Washington, DC.
  • Barroso, J. (1996). O estudo da autonomia da escola: da autonomia decretada ?? autonomia constru??da. In Barroso, Jo??o. O estudo da escola. Porto: Porto Editora.
  • Eurydice (2007). School Autonomy in Europe. Policies and Measures. Eurydice Thematic Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from
  • Hanushek, E. A., Link, S., & Woessmann, L. (2013). Does school autonomy make sense everywhere? Panel estimates from PISA. Journal of Development Economics, 104, 212-232. Available at:
  • Kollias, A. and Hatzopoulos, P. (Eds.) (2013). Briefing Notes on School Leadership Policy Development & Background Papers on School Leadership. The EPNoSL Project, Del. 5.1.
  • Lopes, J.H.M.C. (2012). A Contratualiza????o da autonomia das escolas: a regula????o da ac????o p??blica em educa????o. Tese de doutoramento. Instituto de Educa????o da Universidade de Lisboa.
  • Machin, S., & Silva, O. (2013). School structure, school autonomy and the tail. Centre for Economic Performance, Special Paper No. 29. Available at:
  • Moos, L. (2013). Diverse Perspectives and Hopes on Autonomy in School Leadership. In A. Kollias (ed.), The Critical Factors in the discourse on SL from the perspective of equity and learning. EPNoSL Project.
  • OECD (2012). Equity and Quality in Education: Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools. OECD Publishing. Available at:
  • OECD (2013), PISA 2012 Results: What Makes Schools Successful? Resources, Policies and Practices (Volume IV). Pisa, OECD Publishing. Available at:
  • Silva A.-P. & Cl??maco, C. (2013). Autonomy for Equity and Learning: The Cases of Portugal, Latvia, Hungary, Estonia. In L. Moos & P. Hatzopoulos (Eds.), School Leadership as a driving force for equity and learning. Comparative perspective. EPNoSL Project, Del. 4.1.
  • Van de Werfhorst, H. G., & Mijs, J. J. (2010). Achievement inequality and the institutional structure of educational systems: A comparative perspective. Annual review of sociology, 36, 407-428. Available at:

    Content development team
    This toolset has been prepared by Lejf Moos (Associate Professor in the Department of Education at Aarhus University, Denmark) and Andreas Kollias (Researcher in the Educational Research & Evaluation Group at the Foundation for Research and Technology and Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science and History at Panteion University, Greece) for the European Policy Network on School Leadership (EPNoSL).